Strength In Numbers: Improving Generalization with Ensembles in Profiled Side-Channel Analysis
The adoption of deep neural networks for profiled side-channel attacks provides powerful options for leakage detection and key retrieval of secure products. When training a neural network for side-channel analysis, it is expected that the trained model can implement an approximation function that can detect leaking side-channel samples and, at the same time, be insensible to noisy (or non-leaking) samples. This outlines a generalization situation where the model can identify the main representations learned from the training set in a separate test set.
In this 38-minute talk, we first discuss how output class probabilities represent a strong metric when conducting the side-channel analysis. Further, we observe that these output probabilities are sensitive to small changes, like the selection of specific test traces or weight initialization for a neural network. Next, we discuss the hyper-parameter tuning, where one commonly uses only a single out of dozens of trained models, where each of those models will result in different output probabilities. We show how ensembles of machine learning models based on averaged class probabilities can improve generalization. Our results emphasize that ensembles increase the performance of a profiled side-channel attack and reduce the variance of results stemming from different groups of hyper-parameters, regardless of the selected dataset or leakage model.
Your host for this webinar is Lukasz Chmielewski, Senior Security Analyst at Riscure.
This is an on-demand webinar, the recording is available for you any time after registration.
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